A craniopharyngioma is a benign, or noncancerous tumor that develops near the pituitary gland, a small endocrine gland at the base of the brain. Crangiopharyngiomas are localized tumors and become large before they are diagnosed, and, like many tumor types, the exact cause is unknown.
Increased pressure within the brain causes maybe of the symptoms of craniopharyngioma. Other symptoms result from pressure on the optic tract and pituitary gland. Common symptoms include:
These symptoms may look like other conditions or health problems, always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Usually, the diagnosis is made from an MRI scan of the brain.
Surgery to remove the tumor is usually the first step in treatment, but each patient's case is approached individually, and the treatment plan designed accordingly with your physician.