A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland which is a small gland in the brain located behind the back of the nose. Pituitary glands make hormones that affect many other glands and many functions in your body. Most pituitary tumors are not cancerous and don't spread to other parts of your body, but can cause the pituitary to make too few or too many hormones, causing problems in the body. The following are the main types of pituitary tumors:
The cause of pituitary tumors is unknown, but a condition called multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN 1) may raise your risk. This condition is passed down through families.
Symptoms of pituitary tumors depend on the type of tumor and the affected area of the pituitary gland. These tumors can lead to symptoms cause by too much or too little of the pituitary hormones. Each person's symptoms may vary and may also look like other health problems. Always see your physician for a diagnosis.
Your physician will ask about your medical history and do a physical exam. Your physician may also want you to have one of these tests:
Your physician will figure out the best treatment for you based on:
Treatment may include: